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In this paper, the authors propose user grouping algorithms to provide power minimization in grouped MC-CDMA systems. Depending on the channel fading conditions, power control is utilized to minimize the total transmitted power under a Bit Error Rate (BER) constraint. When the allocation is performed without a fair data rate requirement, they provide the optimal solution to the minimization problem. However when some fairness is considered, the optimal solution requires high computational complexity. Thus, they solve the problem by proposing two suboptimal algorithms. Simulation results illustrate a significantly reduced power consumption in comparison with other techniques.
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