Date Added: Feb 2011
To describe leadership as ethical is largely a perceptional phenomenon informed by beliefs about what is normatively appropriate. Yet there is a remarkable scarcity in the leadership literature regarding how to define what is "Normatively appropriate". To shed light on this issue, the authors draw upon Relational Models Theory (Fiske: 1992, Psychological Review, 99, 689-723), which differentiates between four types of relationships: communal sharing, authority ranking, equality matching, and market pricing. They describe how each of these relationship models dictates a distinct set of normatively appropriate behaviors.