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A Vehicular Ad hoc NETwork (VANET) is a wireless ad hoc network that is formed between vehicles on an on demand basis. A lot of research work around the world is being conducted to design the routing protocols for VANETs. In this paper, the authors examine the significance Greedy Forwarding with Border Node based approach for VANETs to optimize path length between vehicles in different traffic scenarios. This protocol is called Border Node Greedy Forwarding (BNGF) since it uses border nodes with Greedy Forwarding. They categorize BNGF as BNGF-H for highway and BNGF-C for city traffic scenarios.
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