Date Added: Sep 2009
The use of mobile sensors is of great relevance to monitor critical areas where sensors cannot be deployed manually. The presence of data collector sinks causes increased energy depletion in their proximity, due to the higher relay load under multi-hop communication schemes (sinkhole phenomenon). The authors propose a new approach towards the solution of this problem by means of an autonomous deployment algorithm that guarantees the adaptation of the sensor density to the sink proximity and enables their selective activation. The proposed algorithm also permits a fault tolerant and self-healing deployment, and allows the realization of an integrated solution for deployment, dynamic relocation and selective sensor activation.