Data Management

Vertical Partitioning of Relational OLTP Databases Using Integer Programming

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Executive Summary

A way to optimize performance of relational row store databases is to reduce the row widths by vertically partitioning tables into table fractions in order to minimize the number of irrelevant columns/attributes read by each transaction. This paper considers vertical partitioning algorithms for relational row-store OLTP databases with an H-store-like architecture, meaning that the authors would like to maximize the number of single-sited transactions. They present a model for the vertical partitioning problem that, given a schema together with a vertical partitioning and a workload, estimates the costs (bytes read/written by storage layer access methods and bytes transferred between sites) of evaluating the workload on the given partitioning. The cost model allows for arbitrarily prioritizing load balancing of sites vs. total cost minimization.

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