Weighted Energy Detection for Non-coherent Ultra-Wideband Receiver Design
For Ultra-WideBand (UWB) impulse radios, non-coherent energy detectors are motivated for their simple circuitry and effective capture of multipath energy. A major performance-degrading factor in energy detection is the noise floor, which is aggravated for low-duty-cycle UWB signals with a large time-bandwidth product. In this paper, Weighted Energy Detection (WED) techniques are developed for effective noise suppression. The received signal is processed by a set of parallel integrators, each corresponding to a different integration time-window within a symbol period. The outputs of these integrators are weighted and linearly combined to generate decision statistics, while the weights are determined by the signal power collected from the corresponding integrators to improve the effective signal to noise ratio.