Date Added: Aug 2010
People have probably all learned a lesson the hard way a time or two. Many good leaders learn how to do it the right way by either observing others' mistakes or making their own. If people adapt, it was a "learning moment" (and not a mistake). But, that is not what authors are talking about here. There are two kinds of "bad" decisions that leaders make which are not only harmful to themselves, but others. They are avoidable, and while the first time it happens they are not necessarily selfish acts, as they are repeated, they certainly play to a personal agenda.