Why Is Strategic R&D (Still) Homebound in a Globalized Industry? the Case of Leading Firms in Wireless Telecom
The paper is structured as follows. The second section provides a brief conceptual discussion of major interpretations of R&D internationalization and a review of the major themes in the empirical literature. Also the authors consider the specificities of the wireless telecommunications industry. The third section discusses the data that they use and provides the empirical analysis based on recently collected data on essential patents notified to the ETSI (European Telecommunications Standards Institute). In the fourth section they validate the statistical analysis through interviews with managers at the four companies. The fifth section synthesizes and concludes the paper.