Wind-Induced Slow Fading in Foliated Fixed Wireless Links
This paper investigates the characteristics of wind-induced slow fading in fixed wireless links where the first Fresnel Zone is partially obstructed by trees. Based on results from long term propagation measurements at 5.8GHz, the authors show that, besides seasonal and fast fading, the received signal in foliated fixed wireless links also experiences temporal fading of the order of minutes. This is contributed by the temporal shadowing effect owing to the mean deflection of the tree canopy under the influence of mean wind speed and direction. The characteristics of the slow fading observed during on- and off-leaf seasons will be presented.