Wireless Sensor Network Infrastructure : Construction and Evaluation
Large area wireless sensor deployments rely on multi-hop communications. Efficient packet transmissions and virtual topologies, which structure sensor networks, are two main features for efficient energy management in wireless sensor networks. This paper aims to present a distributed and low-cost topology construction algorithm for wireless sensor networks, addressing the following issues: large-scale, random network deployment, energy efficiency and small overhead. The authors propose structuring nodes in zones, meant to reduce the global view of the network to a local one. This zone-based architecture is the infrastructure used by their hierarchical routing protocol.