X-ray: Automating Root-Cause Diagnosis of Performance Anomalies in Production Software
Troubleshooting the performance of production software is challenging. Most existing tools, such as profiling, tracing, and logging systems, reveal what events occurred during performance anomalies. However, users of such tools must infer why these events occurred; e.g., that their execution was due to a root cause such as a specific input request or configuration setting. Such inference often requires source code and detailed application knowledge that is beyond system administrators and end users. This paper introduces performance summarization, a technique for automatically diagnosing the root causes of performance problems.