XBiT: An XML-Based Bitemporal Data Model

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Executive Summary

Past research work on modeling and managing temporal in-formation has, so far, failed to elicit support in commercial database systems. The increasing popularity of XML offers a unique opportunity to change this situation, inasmuch as XML and XQuery support temporal information much better than relational tables and SQL. This is the important conclusion claimed in this paper where the authors show that valid-time, transaction-time, and bitemporal databases can be naturally viewed in XML using temporally-grouped data models. Then, they show that complex historical queries, that would be very difficult to express in SQL on relational tables, can now be easily expressed in standard XQuery on such XML-based representations.

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