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Now-a-days, vast majority of the existing solutions are based on the classical layered protocol approach, which leads to significant overhead. Severe energy constraints of battery-powered sensor nodes necessitate energy-efficient communication in Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs).In this paper, a CROSS-Layer Protocol (XLP) is introduced, to achieve congestion control, routing between nodes, and medium access control in a cross-layer fashion. XLP is the first protocol that integrates functionalities of all layers from PHY to Transport into a cross-layer protocol.
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