A Decision Support System for Disaster Management in Buildings
Source: Imperial College London
Information systems that provide decision support in an efficient and timely manner can prove beneficial for emergency response operations. In this paper, the authors propose the use of a system that provides movement decision support to evacuees by directing them through the shortest or less hazardous routes to the exit and evaluate it with a specialized software platform that they have developed for simulation of disasters in buildings. The system operates in a distributed manner, and computes the best evacuation routes in real-time while a hazard is spreading inside the building. It is composed of a network of decision nodes and sensor nodes, positioned in specific locations inside the building.