A Novel Ray Analogy for Enrolment of Ear Biometrics
The ear is a maturing biometric with qualities that give it superiority over other biometrics in a number of situations; in particular the ear is relatively immune to variation due to ageing. Successful ear biometrics rely upon a well enrolled dataset, with ears normalised for position, scale and rotation. The authors present a novel ear enrolment technique using the image ray transform, based upon an analogy to light rays. The transform is capable of highlighting tubular structures such as the helix of the ear and spectacle frames and, by exploiting the elliptical shape of the helix, can be used as the basis of a method for enrolment for ear biometrics.