A Quorum-Based Framework for Establishing Control Channels in Dynamic Spectrum Access Networks
Establishing a control channel for medium access control is a challenging problem in multi-channel and Dynamic Spectrum Access (DSA) networks. In the design of multi-channel MAC protocols, the use of channel (or frequency) hopping techniques (a.k.a. parallel rendezvous) have been proposed to avoid the bottleneck of a single control channel. In DSA networks, the dynamic and opportunistic use of the available spectrum require that the radios are able to "Rendezvous" - i.e., find each other to establish a link. The use of a dedicated global control channel simplifies the rendezvous process but may not be feasible in many opportunistic spectrum sharing scenarios due to the dynamically changing availability of all the channels, including the control channel.