A Secure Method for Network Coding-Based Reprogramming Protocols in Wireless Sensor Networks
Reprogramming protocols provide a convenient way to update program images via wireless communication. In hostile environments where there may be malicious attacks against wireless sensor networks, the process of reprogramming faces threats from potentially compromised nodes. While existing solutions can provide authentication services, they are insufficient for a new generation of network coding-based reprogramming protocols in wireless sensor networks. The authors present a security approach that is able to defend pollution attack against reprogramming protocols based on network coding. It employs a homomorphic hashing function and an identity-based aggregate signature to allow sensor nodes to check packets on-the-fly before they accept incoming encoded packets, and introduces an efficient mechanism to reduce the computation overhead at each node and to eliminate bad packets quickly.