Accurate, Low-Energy Trajectory Mapping for Mobile Devices
CTrack is an energy-efficient system for trajectory mapping using raw position tracks obtained largely from cellular base station fingerprints. Trajectory mapping, which involves taking a sequence of raw position samples and producing the most likely path followed by the user, is an important component in many location based services including crowd-sourced traffic monitoring, navigation and routing, and personalized trip management. Using only cellular (GSM) fingerprints instead of power-hungry GPS and WiFi radios, the marginal energy consumed for trajectory mapping is zero. This approach is non-trivial because the authors need to process streams of highly inaccurate GSM localization samples (average error of over 175 meters) and produce an accurate trajectory.