Adaptive Fragmentation for Latency Control and Energy Management in Wireless Real-Time Environments
Source: University of Notre Dame
Wireless environments are typically characterized by unpredictable and unreliable channel conditions. In such environments, fragmentation of network-bound data is a commonly adapted technique to improve the probability of successful data transmissions and reduce the energy overheads incurred due to re-transmissions. The overall latencies involved with fragmentation and consequent re-assembly of fragments are often neglected which bear significant effects on the real-time guarantees of the participating applications. This paper studies the latencies introduced as a result of the fragmentation performed at the link layer (MAC layer in IEEE 802.11) of the source device and their effects on end-to-end delay constraints of mobile applications (e.g., media streaming).