Analytical Description of a Parameter-Based Optimization of The Quality of Service for VoIP Communications
In this paper, the perceived quality of VoIP communications is studied. The distributions of the number of consecutive received and lost packets, respectively named gap and burst, of a VoIP communication are modeled with discrete two-state and four-state Markov chains. Algorithms for estimating the transition probabilities between states and from these, the packet loss rate and the respective gap and burst length distributions, are described. Through a study of monitored VoIP calls, it is shown that these models can adequately represent the geometric-type decay of these distributions and that although two-state model performs well for homogeneous losses, for non-homogeneous losses the four-state model fits better.