Challenges To Monetary Policy From Financial Globalization: The Case Of India
Source: International Monetary Fund
Empirical evidence for small developed economies finds that consumption is procyclical and as volatile as output, and real net exports are countercyclical. Earlier studies have not been able to reproduce these regularities in a DSGE small open economy model when productivity shocks drive the business cycles and households have a normal intertemporal elasticity of substitution. Instead, these studies have reduced this elasticity to make consumption more procyclical and volatile and real net exports countercyclical. This paper shows that a standard model can reproduce these regularities, without lowering the intertemporal substitution, if the terms of trade and foreign interest rate are added as source of business cycle fluctuations.