Control-Based Adaptive Middleware for Real-Time Image Transmission Over Bandwidth-Constrained Networks
Real-time image transmission is crucial to an emerging class of distributed embedded systems operating in open network environments. Examples include avionics mission replanning over Link-16, security systems based on wireless camera networks, and online collaboration using camera phones. Meeting image transmission deadlines is a key challenge in such systems due to unpredictable network conditions. This paper presents CAMRIT, a Control-based Adaptive Middleware framework for Real-time Image Transmission in distributed real-time embedded systems. CAMRIT features a distributed feedback control loop that meets image transmission deadlines by dynamically adjusting the quality of image tiles. The authors derive an analytic model that captures the dynamics of distributed middleware architecture.