Cooperative Spectrum Sensing With Slepian-Wolf Coded Cooperations
A new Slepian-Wolf coded cooperation scheme is proposed for a cognitive radio network with two Secondary Users (SUs) performing cooperative spectrum sensing through a Fusion Center (FC). The SUs sense the spectrum by measuring the energy statistics of the received signals. The measured energy statistics are quantized with a Lloyd-Max quantizer at the SUs and forwarded to the FC, which then performs soft combining over the quantized information. This is different from most previous works that forward hard decisions based on local sensing results at the SUs. Due to the wireless nature of the channel, signals transmitted by one SU to the FC will also be observed by the other SU, which can cooperate with the transmitting SU by relaying the observed signals to the FC.