Counterparty Risk In The Over-The-Counter Derivatives Market
Source: International Monetary Fund
The financial market turmoil of recent months has highlighted the importance of counterparty risk. Here, the authors discuss counterparty risk that may stem from the OTC derivatives markets and attempt to assess the scope of potential cascade effects. This risk is measured by losses to the financial system that may result via the OTC derivative contracts from the default of one or more banks or primary broker-dealers. The authors then stress the importance of "Netting" within the OTC derivative contracts. The methodology shows that, even using data from before the worsening of the crisis in late Summer 2008, the potential cascade effects could be very substantial.