Creditor Passivity: The Effects Of Bank Competition And Institutions On The Strategic Use Of Bankruptcy Filings
Source: University of Munich
Why do banks remain passive? In a model of bank-firm relationship the authors study the trade-off a bank faces when having defaulting firms declared bankrupt. First, the bank receives a payoff if a firm is liquidated. Second, it provides information about a firm's type to its competitors. Thereby, asymmetric information between banks is reduced and bank competition intensifies. They find that the better the institutions and the more competitive the banking sector, the higher the bank's incentive to bankrupt defaulting firms. This makes information between banks less asymmetric and thus leads to lower interest rates and less credit rationing.