Data Acquisition and Error Analysis for Pepperpot Emittance Measurements
Source: Imperial College London
The pepperpot provides a unique and fast method of measuring emittance, providing four dimensional correlated beam measurements for both transverse planes. In order to make such a correlated measurement, the pepperpot must sample the beam at specific intervals. Such discontinuous data, and the unique characteristics of the pepperpot assembly, requires special attention be paid to both the data acquisition and the error analysis techniques. A first-principles derivation of the error contribution to the rms emittance is presented, leading to a general formula for emittance error calculation. Two distinct pepperpot systems, currently in use at GSI in Germany and RAL in the UK, are described.