DHB-KEY: An Efficient Key Distribution Scheme for Wireless Sensor Networks
Source: Lancaster University
Real-world deployments of wireless sensor networks require secure communication. In many application cases it is sufficient to provide message authentication at the sink. To implement this requirement using symmetric ciphers, keys shared between each sensor node and the sink have to be established and kept fresh during network operation. This paper presents a key distribution scheme based on the well-known Elliptic Curve Diffie-Hellman key exchange mechanism that allows one to fulfill the previously outlined requirements efficiently. The DHB-KEY scheme requires only the distribution of a single sink-initiated broadcast message to set individual keys on all sensor nodes. Thus, DHB-KEY has a low complexity and preserves scarce resources such as bandwidth and energy.