Disk Scrubbing Versus Intra-Disk Redundancy for High-Reliability RAID Storage Systems
Two schemes proposed to cope with unrecoverable or latent media errors and enhance the reliability of RAID systems are examined. The first scheme is the established, widely used disk scrubbing scheme, which operates by periodically accessing disk drives to detect media-related unrecoverable errors. These errors are subsequently corrected by rebuilding the sectors affected. The second scheme is the recently proposed intradisk redundancy scheme which uses a further level of redundancy inside each disk, in addition to the RAID redundancy across multiple disks. Analytic results are obtained assuming Poisson arrivals of random I/O requests.