Distributed Space-Frequency Coding Over Amplify-and-Forward Relay Channels
In this paper, the design of Distributed Space-Frequency Codes (DSFCs) for wireless relay networks employing the Amplify-And-Forward (AAF) protocol is considered. The term distributed comes from the fact that the space-frequency code is distributed among randomly located relay nodes. DSFCs are designed to achieve the multipath (frequency) and cooperative diversities of the wireless relay channels. The authors derive sufficient conditions for the proposed code design to achieve full diversity based on minimizing the Pair-wise Error Probability (PEP).