Downtilted Base Station Antennas - A Simulation Model Proposal and Impact on HSPA and LTE Performance
This paper proposes a low-complexity model for vertical antenna radiation patterns, e.g. for inclusion in system-level simulations. They can be seen as extensions to the horizontal radiation pattern model used in 3GPP simulation scenarios. The model is verified against and compared to predicted and measured data from real networks. The impact on system-level performance is also investigated. It is seen that using the proposed model, simulated geometry distributions and soft handover statistics closely matching those of real networks may be achieved. The analysis also concludes that many real networks have better cell isolation than what is modeled by the 3GPP antenna model.