Exploiting Low-Cost Directional Antennas in 2.4 GHz IEEE 802.15.4 Wireless Sensor Networks
Source: Arizona State University
Motivated by recent interest in directional antennas for WSNs, the authors propose a Four-Beam Patch Antenna (FBPA) designed to meet the size, cost and complexity constraints of sensor nodes. They use in-field experiments with COTS motes to demonstrate substantial benefits to WSN applications. Used outdoors, the FBPA extends the communication range from 140m to more than 350m, while indoors it suppresses the interference due to multi-path fading by reducing the signal variability of more than 70%. They also show interference suppression from IEEE 802.11g systems and discuss the use of the antenna as a form of angular diversity useful to cope with the variability of the radio signal. Experimental data are analyzed to derive model parameters intended for use in future network simulations.