Globalization And Marginalization In Africa
Source: United Nations University
Increased openness is seen by some as a panacea for development while for others it is a recipe for disaster for the poor. Using the example of Ethiopia, this paper discusses some of the key challenges faced by some of the poorest African countries in beneficially engaging in the world economy. Worldwide income growth has largely bypassed many African countries, and substantial parts of their populations risk increasing marginalization. This paper documents the challenges faced by one of these countries, Ethiopia, first by highlighting the impact of a first wave of liberalization in the early 1990s, using the evidence from a rural panel dataset.