Growth Processes Of Italian Manufacturing Firms
Source: Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna
This paper presents a multidimensional empirical analysis of firm growth. Exploiting census data on Italian manufacturing firms, 1989-1997, the authors estimate a reduced-form VAR to analyze the co-evolution of employment growth, sales growth, growth of profits and labour productivity growth. The main findings suggest that employment growth precedes sales growth; productivity growth lacks any strong association with subsequent growth of the other indicators; profits growth represents the 'Absorbing dimension' of the growth processes. This picture contrasts with 'Accelerator models', predicting sales are the driver of the growth process, and is also at odds with theories of firm-industry evolution assuming productivity or profits advantages to be the driver of strong market selection/reallocation mechanisms.