Hiding in Groups: On the Expressiveness of Privacy Distributions
Source: University of Virginia
Many applications inherently disclose information because perfect privacy protection is prohibitively expensive. RFID tags, for example, cannot be equipped with the cryptographic primitives needed to completely shield their information from unauthorized reads. All known privacy protocols that scale to the anticipated sizes of RFID systems achieve at most modest levels of protection. Previous analyses found the protocols to have weak privacy, but relied on simplifying attacker models and did not provide insights into how to improve privacy. The authors introduce a new general way to model privacy through probability distributions, that capture how much information is leaked by different users of a system.