How Are Earnings Managed?: Examples From Auditors
Source: Thomson Gale
This paper reports descriptive evidence about how managers attempt to manage earnings, based on a sample of 515 earnings-management attempts obtained from a survey of 253 experienced auditors (and also analyzed by Nelson et al. 2002). The authors classify attempts first according to primary approach: expense recognition, revenue recognition, issues unique to business combinations, and other issues. Then, within each of those broad categories, attempts are subclassified by the particular approach used in the attempt.