Impact of the Angular Spread and Antenna Spacing on the Capacity of Correlated MIMO Fading Channels
Source: Universiti Putra Malaysia
It has been shown that the capacity of a multiple-input multiple-output system increases linearly with the number of antennas, provided that the environment is rich scattering. However, this increase in the capacity is substantially degraded if the multiple input multiple output channels are correlated. In this paper, the capacity of correlated multiple input multiple output fading channel is investigated for laplacian and uniform angular energy distributions that implicitly represent two different scatterer distributions. The effect of the spatial correlation of a uniform circular antenna array is considered. Optimal power allocation is implemented to maximize the capacity. Through extensive Monte Carlo simulations, the results show that multiple input multiple output channel capacity is a function of the angle spread and antenna spacing.