Incentivizing Outsourced Computation
This paper describes different strategies a central authority, the boss, can use to distribute computation to untrusted contractors. The problem is inspired by volunteer distributed computing projects such as SETI@home, which outsource computation to large numbers of participants. For many tasks, verifying a task's output requires as much work as computing it again; additionally, some tasks may produce certain outputs with greater probability than others. A selfish contractor may try to exploit these factors, by submitting potentially incorrect results and claiming a reward.