Informal Labour And Credit Markets: A Survey
Source: International Monetary Fund
This paper reviews the literature on the informal economy, focusing first on empirical findings and then on existing approaches to modeling informality within both partial and general equilibrium environments. The author concentrates on labor and credit markets, since these tend to be most affected by informality. The phenomenon is particularly important in emerging and other developing economies, given their high degrees of informal labor and financial services and the implications these have for the effectiveness of macroeconomic policy. The author emphasizes the need for dynamic general equilibrium (DGE) and ultimately dynamic stochastic general equilibrium (DSGE) models for a full understanding of the costs, benefits and policy implications of informality.