iPAK: An in Situ Pairwise Key Bootstrapping Scheme for Wireless Sensor Networks
Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) are characterized by resource constraints and large scalability. Many applications of WSNs require secure communication, a crucial component especially in hostile environments. However, the low computational capability and small storage budget within sensors render many popular public-key-based cryptographic systems impractical. Symmetric key cryptography, on the other hand, is attractive due to its efficiency. Nevertheless, establishing a shared key for communicating parties is a challenging problem. In this paper, the authors propose and analyze an in situ PAirwise Key bootstrapping scheme (iPAK) for large-scale WSNs. The theoretical analysis and simulation study demonstrate that iPAK can achieve a high key-sharing probability between neighboring sensors and a strong resilience against node-capture attacks at the cost of low storage overhead.