Joint CFO and DOA Estimation for Multiuser OFDMA Uplink
In this paper, the authors develop a new subspace-based multiuser joint Carrier Frequency Offset (CFO) and Direction Of Arrival (DOA) estimation scheme for orthogonal frequency division multiple access uplink transmissions. They leverage multi-antenna at the receiver and consider that the signals transmitted by each user arrive at the receiving antenna array from multiple DOAs after bouncing from both surrounding and far scatterers. The rank reduction approach is then exploited to estimate the multiple CFOs and DOAs. Specifically, for each user, after the CFO estimation from one-dimensional search, its multiple DOAs can be obtained simultaneously via polynomial rooting. The proposed method supports generalized sub-carrier assignment scheme and fully loaded transmissions. Both performance analysis and numerical results are provided to corroborate the proposed studies.