Layered Switching for Networks on Chip
The authors present and evaluate a novel switching mechanism called layered switching. Conceptually, the layered switching implements wormhole on top of virtual cut-through switching. To show the feasibility of layered switching, as well as to confirm its advantages, they conducted an RTL implementation study based on canonical wormhole architecture. Synthesis results show that the strategy suggests negligible degradation in hardware speed (1%) and area overhead (7%). Simulation results demonstrate that it achieves higher throughput than wormhole alone while significantly reducing the buffer space required at network nodes when compared with virtual cut-through.