Lifetime Analysis for Wireless Sensor Networks
The nodes of Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) have the dual function of gathering information and relaying it to a central collection point, the sink. For the latter function the key is connectivity involving paths over which data is passed from node to node to the sink. The authors derive connectivity, as expressed by the probability that a node lies on a path to the sink, as a function of the probability that adjacent cells in a grid are connected. This result is then applied to the typical scenario where nodes are randomly scattered throughout the area being monitored.