Locality-Aware and Churn-Resilient Load-Balancing Algorithms in Structured Peer-to-Peer Networks
Structured peer-to-peer overlay networks, like Distributed Hash Tables (DHTs), map data items to the network based on a consistent hashing function. Such mapping for data distribution has an inherent load balance problem. Data redistribution algorithms based on randomized matching of heavily loaded nodes with light ones can deal with the dynamics of DHTs. However, they are unable to consider the proximity of the nodes simultaneously. There are other methods that rely on auxiliary networks to facilitate locality-aware load redistribution. Due to the cost of network construction and maintenance, the locality-aware algorithms can hardly work for DHTs with churn. This paper presents a locality-aware randomized load-balancing algorithm to deal with both the proximity and network churn at the same time.