Madagascar: A Competitiveness And Exchange Rate Assessment
Source: International Monetary Fund
This paper assesses Madagascar's competitiveness in recent years, using both price and nonprice indicators and an exchange rate assessment of the currency and also estimates the distance between the equilibrium and the actual real exchange rates using three methods: the macroeconomic balance approach, the external sustainability approach, and the reduced-form equilibrium real exchange rate approach. These methods suggest that in the medium term the real exchange rate is only slightly overvalued. The author also carries out a comparative analysis of nonprice indicators and finds that Madagascar performs less favorably than its competitors on structural competitiveness.