Matching And Challenge Gifts To Charity: Evidence From Laboratory And Natural Field Experiments
This paper designs a natural field experiment linked to a controlled laboratory experiment to examine the effectiveness of matching gifts and challenge gifts, two popular strategies used to secure a portion of the $200 billion annually given to charities. The authors find evidence that challenge gifts positively influence contributions in the field, but matching gifts do not. Methodologically, they find important similarities and dissimilarities between behavior in the lab and the field. Overall, the results have clear implications for fundraisers and provide avenues for future empirical and theoretical work on charitable giving.