Modelling The Energy Demand Of Households In A Combined Top Down/Bottom Up Approach
This paper deals with integrating elements of a bottom-up model of energy demand into a top-down model of total private consumption. The bottom-up elements are represented by the energy efficiency embodied in household appliances. The top-down model describes demand for energy and non-energy commodities in an AIDS demand system. In this model households do not directly demand energy, but energy services (hours of washing, miles of driving). These services are measured via the service price defined as the relationship between the energy price and energy efficiency.