Modulating Retroreflector Implementation of MIL-STD- 1553 Protocol With Free-Space Optics
A Modulating Retro Reflector (MRR) is used for1 a Free-Space Optics (FSO) implementation of the MILSTD- 1553 protocol. A Multiple Quantum Well (MQW) pi-n structure is used for a single device that acts both as a modulator for transmitting data and as a photodiode for receiving data. A master node and two slave nodes with cat's eye retroreflectors were designed using COTS optics. Two-way communication using the 1553 protocol is demonstrated at a separation of 3 meters, using widely available 980 nm pump lasers. The link was closed using only 15 mW of laser light. Authors have also demonstrated a coherent receiver to increase sensitivity and Quadrature Amplitude Modulation (QAM) to enhance the data rate of a bandwidth-limited MRR.