On the Blind Identifiability of Orthogonal Space - Time Block Codes From Second-Order Statistics
In this paper, the conditions for blind identifiability from Second-Order Statistics (SOS) of Multiple-Input Multiple-Output (MIMO) channels under Orthogonal Space-Time Block Coded (OSTBC) transmissions are studied. This paper consists in the proof that, assuming more than one receive antenna, any OSTBC with a transmission rate higher than a given threshold, which is inversely proportional to the number of transmit antennas, permits the blind identification of the MIMO channel from SOS. The implications of these theoretical results include the explanation of previous simulation examples and, from a practical point of view, they show that the only non-identifiable OSTBCs with practical interest are the Alamouti codes and the real square orthogonal design with four transmit antennas. Simulation examples and further discussion are also provided.