Ontological Engineering Process for Computerized System Subject Areas
Ontological engineering consists in design and development of ontology (specific type of knowledge base). It requires professional skills in knowledge engineering from developers - from knowledge extraction to structuring and formalization. Ontological engineering combines two major technologies of large system engineering - object-oriented analysis and structural analysis. Ontology is designed as tree or network consisting of concepts and relationships between such concepts. These relationships can be of different types, for example, "is part of", "is a", "has property" etc. Concepts and relationship have universal character for a certain group of subject area concepts.