Optical Wireless Communications With Heterodyne Detection Over Turbulence Channels With Pointing Errors
The authors study the error performance of a heterodyne Differential Phase-Shift Keying (DPSK) Optical Wireless (OW) communication system operating under various intensity fluctuations conditions. Specifically, it is assumed that the propagating signal suffers from the combined effects of atmospheric turbulence-induced fading, misalignment fading (i.e., pointing errors) and path-loss. Novel closed-form expressions for the statistics of the random attenuation of the propagation channel are derived and the Bit-Error Rate (BER) performance is investigated for all the above fading effects. Numerical results are provided to evaluate the error performance of OW systems with the presence of atmospheric turbulence and/or misalignment.